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1.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
渡辺, 勇一
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  5  pp.117-121,  2000-03.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2305
概要: All professors in Japanese colleges complain about the spiritlessness of students in the class irrespective of subjects taught. In order to stimulate their sense of participation, an interactive lecture is absolutely necessary. Several factors, however, impede interactive teaching of natural science in general education course. As I have already described (Vol. 2, p.143), students are heterogenous as to their curricular background of natural science; we usually teach students both with and without learning experience of a given science subject in high school. Moreover, professors often have as many as 200 students in a class. In this article, an attempt to pursue an interactive class is described. In a nutshell, it is a kind of forced preparation in which students are required to make a report on the subject that contains important viewpoints what professors stress afterwards. Another type of class in which students' reports are used is also described, where they are divided into small groups (up to 8), discuss an assigned issue and present the obtained conclusions. 続きを見る
2.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
渡辺, 勇一
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  4  pp.21-24,  1998-10.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2287
概要: We teachers generally require students to make reports in case we cannot give examinations for some reasons. I describe herein a way to take advantage of obligatory report-work for the purpose of; 1) encouraging students to have preliminary knowledge of biology, and 2) giving a more effective lecture on the basis of students' preparation. For the sake of convenience, the former and latter subjects are referred to as type I and II reports, respectively. The type I subjects include problems that are not solved without penetrating into deep biological implications of bodily structures and functions. The results of the reports are reviewed and criticized afterward in combination with the focus of lectures. Whereas the type II subjects, which are not directly related with lectures, concern the life of a great scientist such as Louis Pasteur. Preparation for both the types of reports may be superior to that for a lesson done on a fixed textbook because it seems less boring for students. 続きを見る
3.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
渡辺, 勇一
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  4  pp.105-107,  1998-10.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2488
概要: The aim of this article is to summarize the effect of induction of the light microscope into an ordinary lecture of biology. I came up with the use of the microscope in order to demonstrate students how we can easily observe cells or tissues by making specimens from the surrounding objects including our body. Although preparation and observations of these specimens on the spot is confined to epithelial tissues, they appeared to give strong impression to students, who otherwise won't be able to understand the actual meaning of photographs appearing in many textbooks used in their school days. Above all, a microscopic comparison of a representative cell with well known bodily structures such as a hair seems effective to grasp the actual dimensions of a cell. 続きを見る
4.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
山内, 志朗
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  3  pp.14-23,  1997-06.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2324
概要: 'Literacy' is originally the ability to read and write, i.e. the competence in manipulating letters (litterae). 'Literacy' has obtained currency and is in use with wider signification than before. 'Literacy' is now employed to mean, various ability and attitude, e.g 'cultural literacy', 'computer literacy', 'information literacy', etc.. Especially 'cultural literacy' is not the competence in accumulating knowledge of various cultures, but the abiliy of critique, including methodology, and is of great importance in university education. In 1997, the Faculty of Humanities (Niigata University) intoroduced the new curriculum of general education (Kyoyo nisyu) into the advanced course. 'Kyoyo nisyu', means a core course for all humanities students, and its aim is to cultivate 'cultural literacy', in other words, the broader perspective of learning and the critical attitude towards his major. A general education course was supposed to be mainly offered for freshmen, but the essential ability of undergraduate students is to acquire 'cultural literacy'. And 'cultural literacy' is not fostered by accumulation of knowledge, but by trans-disciplinary studying. An excessive concentration on his own major can give rise to losing sight of his standpoint. 'Kyoyo nisyu' can provide students its ability. 続きを見る
5.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
理学部教育改善検討委員会
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  3  pp.145-172,  1997-06.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2452
概要: Two questionnaires were executed to the students in the senior class in Faculty of Science just before the graduation, i.e., in Feburary 1996 and 1997. The students in the senior class in 1996 received the general education before the curriculum reformation in Niigata University, and those in 1997 received the general education after it. All students received the special education in a transition period of the curriculum reformation in Faculty of Science. These two questionnaires clarify the degree of achievement of the reformed general education and suggest how to improve the general education and the special education further. 続きを見る
6.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
本間, 興二 ; 矢野, 教 ; 浅妻, 昭榮
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  2  pp.101-107,  1996-03.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2329
概要: The typical characteristics in physics is that it has been developed through the way of both theory and experiment compensating each other, and so the physics education program consists of two teaching forms, Lecture and Experiment. In General Education curriculum, however, the position and valuation of Experiment hours are not well established yet even today. The present report describes physics experiments that have so far been carried out for General Education, and searches for the direction of improvement and development of teaching materials. 続きを見る
7.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
吉村, 尚久 ; 小林, 昌二 ; 長谷川, 彰 ; 竹内, 照雄 ; 檀上, 篤徳 ; 山崎, 一生 ; 苅部, 恒徳 ; 橋本, 修 ; 土屋, 千尋
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  2  pp.171-202,  1996-03.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2449
概要: A questionnaire for improving class quality was conducted over all subjects of general education in the first term of this school year, following the trial of class evaluation questionnaire conducted at the end of the last school year. Items of the questionnaire were adjusted to different class styles; lecture, exercise, experiment, practice and training. But three common points encompassed by the questionnaire are (1)difficulty in achievement in class, (2)students' consciousness and attitude toward learning, and (3)students' rating of teaching. Many students pointed out that lack of basic related knowledge is the reason for difficulty in achievement in class. The most serious problem for them is deficiency in reviewing and preparing for a lesson. More than 60% of students have no study hours at home for a regular lecture class. This fact demonstrates the shortcoming of the credit system. 続きを見る
8.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
新潟大学農学部教育検討委員会
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  2  pp.232-244,  1996-03.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2405
概要: We have conducted a questionnaire on the present curriculum for undergraduate students of Faculty of Agriculture (excluded 4th graders) and got a bitter response that nearly 70% of students are more or less dissatisfied with contents of lectures, together with their discontents with any facilities offered for campus lives. Some disorganization in curriculum of specialized courses are also marked in every department (we have three departments in the faculty). Many students realize their limited knowledges in English attained in high schools, so that they wish to have more effective English teachings in the university. Students desire fundamental lectures on natural sciences as physics, chemistry, etc.; this trend is especially prominent in higher graders for which more advanced specialized subjects are set. Lower graders tend to rate specialized subjects difficult. Generally, students want to have higher ratio of optional credits in curriculums. A large majority expects to practice experiments and trainings in earlier academic terms. On the whole, amounts (credit hours) of lectures and practices, both in liberal education and specialized course, appear to be accepted by most students, being moderate to study without any difficulty. Several points for curricular improvement in Faculty of Agriculture were discussed. 続きを見る
9.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
赤井, 純治
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  1  pp.49-59,  1995-04.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2460
概要: I tried to improve general education (on Geoscience) in Niigata University, and here summarize and report the experiences of the practice. The first important point is to collect questionnaires on impressions, questions, requests, complaints and/or any opinions on the lecture from many (ca. 100 or more) students in every lecture, and to summarize these comments into the prints with some teacher's comments which will be given to students in the next lecture. The second point is to use as many educational specimens and materials as possible. This style was very effective to mutual communications in the class and was received with fresh and strong impressions by students. My phylosophy on education can be expressed in the following saying: to teach is to give emotion. 続きを見る
10.

論文(リポジトリ)

論文(リポジトリ)
吉村, 尚久 ; 小林, 昌二 ; 長谷川, 彰 ; 竹内, 照雄 ; 長岡, 成夫
出版情報: 大学教育研究年報 = 大学教育研究年報.  1  pp.71-90,  1995-04.  新潟大学大学教育開発研究センター
本文リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/2499
概要: This paper presents a trial of students' evaluation of teaching in general education and its result. Questionnaire is composed of three points of view; (1) difficulty for achievement of class, (2) students' consciousness and attitude of learning, and (3) students' rating of teaching. Use of students' evaluation has to been made not only by teacher in charge but also faculty. College teaching is interactive between students and faculty. Students' evaluation is also usefull to student in the meaning of improvement in attitude of learning. 続きを見る